The Spaniards called Siquijor Isla del Fuego or “Island of Fire,” because the island gave off an eerie glow. This glow came from the great swarms of fireflies that harbored in the numerous molave trees on the island.
which forested most of the island. Such was the density of the tugas growth that at night thousand of fireflies would cluster on the trees, their sparkling lights earning for the island the Spanish accolade, "Isla del Fuego" or island of fire.
The island was first sighted by the Spaniards in 1565 during Miguel López de Legaspi's expedition. Since then, the island came under Spanish rule and the present municipalities, with the exception of Enrique Villanueva were established as Catholic parishes. The first parish, Siquijor, was established in 1783 under the administration of secular clergymen. In the years that followed until 1877, the parishes of Larena
(Cano-an), Lazi (Tigbawan), San Juan (Makalipay), and Maria (Cangmeniac) were founded by priests of the Augustinian, Recollects.
Old Chinese Antiquities have been discovered in the Caves on the island, which suggest a least some early trade with the Chinese merchants and with the numerous neighboring Islands.
From 1854 to 1892, the island was administered by Spain under the politico-military province of Bohol. In 1892, it became a part of Negros Oriental, and then its sub-province in 1901.
On September 17, 1971, Siquijor became an independent province by virtue of Republic Act No. 6396. The capital which was formerly Larena, was transferred to the municipality of Siquijor in 1972 with Proclamation No. 1075.
is an island province of the Philippines (133 sq mi/344 sq km) located in the Central Visayas region. Its capital is the municipality also named Siquijor. To the northwest of Siquijor are Cebu and Negros, to the northeast is Bohol and to the south, across the Bohol Sea is Mindanao. Fishing is its economy's mainstay; land use is primarily agricultural.
Siquijor is the third smallest province in the country both in terms of population and land area, after Camiguin and Batanes. For a time it was sub-province of Negros Oriental.
Called Isla del Fuego of the “Island of Fire” by the Spanish before, Siquijor is considered by many Filipinos to be a mystical island, full of witches and other supernatural phenomena. The highest peak at the center of the island is Mount Bandilaan.
People and Culture
According to the 2000 census, there are a total of 81,598 Siquijodnons, as the residents of Siquijor call themselves. This makes Siquijor the 3rd smallest province in terms of population. The same census also states that Siquijor has 17,351 households with an average household size of 4.70 persons. The annual growth rate is 2.19%, lower than the national growth rate of 2.36%.
is subdivided into 6 municipalities. Siquijor is the capital and most important port.
* Enrique Villanueva
The climate in Siquijor like most of the rest of the country is very tropical. It is dry from January to May and wet the rest of the year. Annual rainfall is 1000 to 1300 millimeters with November having the heaviest rainfall and April having the least. Siquijor has an average temperature of 28 °C and a humidity of 78%.
is a 4th class municipality in the province of Siquijor, Philippines. It is the capital municipality of Siquijor.
Siquijor is politically subdivided into 42 barangays.